These are the latest results of the dilutes research in the LabradorNet Database.
There is a total of 2471 dilutes in the database, of which 2454 (99.3%) are verified to be descending from the following dogs:
– Kellogg’s Kernel (6/19/1961)
– Kellogg’s Nick (3/19/1953)
The following combinations took place:
– Kellogg’s Kernel x Kellogg’s Dode (Code HS-11 “Silvertone Lotto Route”)
– Kellogg’s Kernel x Kellogg’s Jean (Code HS-12 “Queja Culo Route”)
– Kellogg’s Kernel x Kellogg’s Stomper (Code HS-12 “Queja Culo Route”)
– Kellogg’s Kernel x Kellogg’s Belle (Code HS-13 “Lankas Labs Molly Route”)
– Kellogg’s Nick x Belle of Monterey (Code HS-15 “Beavercreek Route”)
– Kellogg’s Nick x Belle of Monterey (Code HS-16 “Culo Alex/Ducks R Gus route”)
– Kellogg’s Nick x Belle of Monterey, via Kellogg’s Black Queenie (Code HS-17 “Extinct Dilutes Route”)
Note: Code HS-12 is divided between Kellogg’s Stomper and Kellogg’s Jean, because Kellogg’s Jean is Kellogg’s Stomper’s dam. Most HS-12 dogs descend directly from Kellogg’s Jean, whose sire is Kellogg’s Nick, so Kellogg’s Nick is Kellogg’s Kernel’s father-in-law. It’s a small world.
13 dogs are in the HS-11 code.
1990 dogs are in the HS-12 code.
75 dogs are in the HS-13 code.
560 dogs are in the HS-15 code.
293 dogs are in the HS-16 code.
39 dogs are in the HS-17 code.
Not all dogs are only descending from one single Kellogg’s dog. The following 541 mixtures took place in the past two decades:
HS-11 / HS-12 : 1 time.
HS-11 / HS-15 : 1 time.
HS-12 / HS-13: 34 times.
HS-12 / HS-15 / HS-16 : 81 times.
HS-12 / HS-15 : 209 times.
HS-12 / HS-16 : 140 times.
HS-13 / HS-15 : 12 times.
HS-15 / HS-16: 36 times.
We can see that the Queja Culo / Amber Ray of Beavercreek combinations were the most popular, followed by the Queja Culo / Culo Alex combinations.
It seems that 17 dilutes of the 2471 dilutes in the LabradorNet database do not descend from the Kellogg’s dogs mentioned above. I doubt that very much. These 17 dilutes’ parents are unknown to me (for now). Only two parents missing will break the link between ancestors and offspring. I’m very sure that these 17 dogs also descend from Kellogg’s Nick, Kellogg’s Kernel, or probably both.
99.3% of all dilute “Labradors” in the LabradorNet Database, of all known dilutes in the whole world, are descending from only two “Labradors”: Kellogg’s Kernel and his father-in-law Kellogg’s Nick. If I would have set my mind to the nearest Kellogg’s dog in the database, I could just have picked one out of the hundreds of Kellogg’s dogs in the database, but the problem would be that the 2471 known dilutes in the world wouldn’t all lead back to this randomly picked dog.
They did (do), however, lead back to Kellogg’s Nick and Kellogg’s Kernel. Both dogs were owned by Mayo Kellogg and his parents. The Kellogg’s family were commercial dog breeders since the 1920s. Mayo Kellogg started to “invent” the “pointing Lab” when he was eight years old. It took him forty years to complete this task, with only a few side effects: a couple of dogs who were excellent pointers, but kept looking like Weimaraners, no matter how many purebred Labs he crossed them with, in many dog generations.
The dilutes avant-la-lettre weren’t extremely popular in the Labrador world, not even in the Field Trial world. Mayo Kellogg crossed the offspring of Kellogg’s Nick and Kellogg’s Kernel with some very famous dogs, but only a few breeders were interested in their offspring. Studying the breeding pattern. we see a breeder who is desperately trying to get rid of the traits that are alien to the Labrador breed, and certainly not a breeder who wanted to breed “silvers”. However, he wanted to keep the “pointing” qualities, as the “pointing Lab” was his mission in life.
Mayo Kellogg learned that:
– Silver Factored Chocolate X Silver Factored Chocolate = 25% Dilute Clear Chocolates, 25% Silvers (Dilute Chocolates) and 50% Silver Factored Chocolates;
– Silver Factored Chocolate X Silver (Dilute Chocolate) = 100% Silver Factored Chocolate;
– Silver Factored Chocolate X Dilute Clear Chocolate = 50% Silver Factored Chocolates and 50% Dilute Clear Chocolates.
If only he would have had our DNA dilute test, we probably wouldn’t have any dilutes today.
The genetic probabilities above explain why some of Kellogg’s Nicks / Kellogg’s Kernel offspring was dilute clear. However, only a few of these dilute clears produced offspring that we can see today, as most of this offspring became extinct.
Until 1981 the total known offspring of Kellogg’s Nick and Kellogg’s Kernel was 36 dogs. Thirty-six dogs, after 27 and 20 years. (I can’t say exactly who is responsible for how many, as quite a few offspring was mutual, coming from both dogs.) Thirty-six dogs, of which most of them were deceased by 1981.
But then some of these dogs ended up in the hands of the owners of Culo Kennels, Beavercreek Kennels and Silvertone Kennels, who saw a great business opportunity in “rare silver Labs”. That’s when Mayo Kellogg became interested again. Decent, ethical breeders didn’t want them, and if they happened to have one or two of them in their kennels, they didn’t (continue to) breed them, quite contrary to unethical “business people” such as Dean Crist and Nancy Stading.
Mayo Kellogg started to do something he never did before: mating dilutes to each other to produce silvers, or silver factored dogs.
> 1980: Buck Martens of Kellogg X Kellogg’s Madison Muth
> 1980: Mayo’s Chocolate Drop X Brown’s Chocolate Mitsie Mitsie
> 1982: Kellogg’s Dakota Big Joe X Kellogg’s Taco of Dakota
> 1984: Kellogg’s South Dakota Chip X Kellogg’s Chocolate Jessie
> 1986: Kellogg’s Cooter Brown X Marks Sand Island Buff
Today we know the result of that enterprise: a total of 2471 known dilutes and many thousands of their diluted littermates, bred by hundreds of equally eager and unethical “breeders”, fouling the Labrador population, and all of them coming from only two dogs: Kellogg’s Nick and Kellogg’s Kernel.
No, they haven’t “always been in the breed” and no, they didn’t come from “reputable British breeders”, as today’s main dilute breeders want you to believe. They came from an eight year old boy in rural South Dakota who wanted to “create” the “pointing Labrador”, by crossing a Labrador or two with a Weimaraner, and his mother didn’t stop him.
And no, the offspring of the ancestors of these two dogs never produced any dilute offspring. So the “switch” must have taken place at least twice, during the life time of Kellogg’s Nick and Kellogg’s Kernel, or rather nine weeks before they were born.
These backyard practices would probably have stayed unnoticed outside rural South Dakota if Dean Crist and Nancy Stading (to name a few) would have been ethical breeders instead of unscrupulous “business” people.
Never ever, was the name of Mayo Kellogg used by dilute breeders. They didn’t want their source to be reveiled, and always denied that Kellogg’s dogs had anything to do with their dilute stock. However, when in 2002 Nancy Stading told Dean Crist that she could do with some fresh Kellogg’s dogs, Dean Crist acquired two decendants from Kellogg’s Nick, both grandchildren from Friends Lady Kelleygreen, and bred them. Two puppies were the result of this breeding: Culo Alex and Ducks R Gus. A new Kellogg’s line was born.
In the early 1980s the American Kennel Club (AKC) didn’t want to admit that they made a mistake and they refused to erase the 36 dogs that descended from Kellogg’s Nick and Kellogg’s Kernel from their stud book. They looked at some pictures (early 1980s quality). decided that this was “scientific evidence”, and put quite a lot of pressure on the LRC delegates to agree with them. The result is that there are now thousands of dilutes in the AKC registry, that AKC staff advises owners of dilutes to register their “silvers” as chocolate Labradors, their “champagnes” as yellow Labradors, and their “charcoals” as black Labradors. Because the AKC found it too much fuzz to remove or isolate 36 dogs in the early 1980s, and preferred the registration of tens of thousands dilutes instead, people outside the United States of America who care for the Labrador Retriever breed, are far from happy with the “professional standards” of the AKC and the “agreements” the AKC has with foreign Kennel Clubs.
If this story would have taken place in Kazakhstan or North Korea, nobody would be surprised. We would just isolate these uneducated entrepeneurs and their Kennel Clubs, and that would be it.
But this is America. The land of science and progress. The land of righteousness, which should respect the breed standard of foreign dogs as written by the home country of these dogs, as is custom in the international dog world.
And now some guy from Holland has to show them where these dilutes are coming from.
How do I track a dilute back to Kellogg’s Nick or Kellogg’s Kernel?
If you have a specific dilute in mind, just go the LabradorNet Database, type the first part of its name in the Search box (remove “Muskelunge” first), or pick a dog from the List of Dilutes, and click “Pedigree”.
Follow the “Beware!” cautions in the pedigree, from left to right. You can click the “Beware!” dog on the far right of the pedigree, which takes you to a new pedigree, where you can repeat the previous action, until you have arrived at either Kellogg’s Nick or Kellogg’s Kernel.
In this pedigree of Wiese’s Buckshot you would get to Kellogg’s Nick following the upper string of “Beware!s”, and to Kellogg’s Kernel following the string below.